Nigerian Leafy Vegetables


Eko (Agidi) and Vegetable Soup (Efo)

List of Nigerian Vegetables used for cooking

This post was inspired by Eko & Efo, a pride food combination amongst my father’s people. Efo (Vegetable) is the most important part of the meal combination and it’s therefore prepared with much finesse. This meal brought about a conversation on Nigerian vegetables that are used in soup preparation and we decided to put together a list:


efo - yanrin - wild - lettuce - Nigerian - vegetable - traditional - soup - recipe - 9jafoodie - dandelion - greens - nigeria - salad

Efo Yanrin (Wild Lettuce)

English Name:Dandelion greens
Local Name: Efo Yarin (Yoruba)
Botanically: Taraxacum officinale, Family Asteraceae


The leaves of this vegetable plant are eaten fresh as a salad or cooked in soups and sauces. The plant is often grown for cropping the leaves which are sold in markets cooked or rolled up balls. The mineral content of the leaves is known to be relatively high (21.8%).


Bitter - Leave - leaf - nigerian - soup - vegetable - traditional - leafy - 9jafoodie

Efo ewuro (Bitter leaves):

English Name: Bitter leaf
Local Name:  Ewuro (Yoruba)
Botanically: Vernonia amygdalina, Family Compositae


The bitter leaf is a very important vegetable for most Nigerians, it can be purchased in many markets throughout the year and it’s planted commonly in home gardens. Wherever it grows, it flourishes. There are several species; some large, leafy and deep green leaves, while some have comparatively smaller leaves. As the name implies, the leaves are very bitter;the bitterness is usually removed by washing or boiling the leaves.


efo - tete - nigerian - vegetable - yoruba - recipe - food - traditional - market - 9jafoodie

Efo Tete (African Spinach):

English Name: African Spinach, Callaloo
Local Name: Efo Tete (Yoruba)
Botanically: Amaranthus hybridus, Family Amaranthaceae


This vegetable is a perennial herb. As expected, it is in great abundance during the rainy season. Historically, it is said to reach West Africa from Asia.  The stem and leaves are edible. The plant grows in three main colors (Pink, deep red and green); the colored varieties are planted for decorative purposed in North America. The green colored variety is the only consumed assortment in Nigeria.


efo - soko - vegetbale - nigerian - leafy - greens - smoothie - yoruba - traditional

Efo Shoko:

English Name: Lagos Spinach
Local Name:  Shokoyokoto (Yoruba)
Botanically: Celosia argentea, Family Amaranthaceae


The “Lagos Spinach” is a very popular vegetable in Lagos Metropolitan area markets. It is commonly sold during raining season. A perennial herb, the flavor profile is slightly bitter and the leaves are slightly diuretic. While being cooked, its slight bitterness is counteracted by the addition of ground melon and condiments. The Yoruba’s call it “sokoyokoto”, to emphasize the esteem in which the vegetable-plant is held ‘Sokoyokoto” means “make husband fat”


Gbure - water - leave- leaf - nigerian - vegetable - soup - list - traditional - list - 9jafoodie - plant

water leaf

Gbure (water leaves)

English Name: WaterLeaf
Local Name:  Gbure (Yoruba)
Botanically: “Talinum Triangulare, Family Portulacaeae”


As the name implies, the waterleaf vegetable is extremely abundant during the rainy season. Ironically, the waterleaf plant is scientifically classified as a weed. The plant is very easily propagated by cuttings and by seeds; it has a quick growing and short life cycle. The vegetable is eaten cooked, in salads and in soups. It is reported by experts to be rich in mineral salts and amino acids as well as having anti-scorbutic properties.


Igbo - efo - yoruba - vegetable - nigerian - soup - traditonal - list - greens

efo Igbo (Garden egg plant)

Efo Igbo (Eggplant leaves):

English Name: African Egg Plant leaf
Local Name:  Efo Igbo (Yoruba)
Botanically: Solanum macrocarpon, Family Solanaceae


The ‘African Egg Plant” is one of the most glamorous vegetables in Lagos Area Markets. The vegetable does not come to the market in comparatively large quantities like the others; it is cherished amongst the Yoruba people. The plant is usually cultivated for its leaves, which are a bit bitter; the fruits are eaten occasionally but are mainly preserved for purposes of propagation.


Amunututu - yoruba - vegetable - nigerian - list - water - slimy - green - traditional - list - soup - spinach

efo amunututu (spinach)


English Name: Malabar Spinach
Local Name: Amunututu (Yoruba)

Botanically: Basella alba, Family Basellaceae

This vegetable is an Afro-Asian plant. Locally, it is known as “amunututu” which literally means “a cool appetiser to the stomach” and also ‘Toromoganna”, which means ‘a wall climber”.

The leaves are succulent with high water content. It is both an annual and/or short lived perennial. The flavour profile is mild and the texture is mucilaginous (similar to aloe vera). This vegetable is high in calcium and iron and to be a good source of vitamins A, B and C; Rich in protein and a good source of soluble fiber.


Scent Leave - Efirin - ntong - nchaun - inchaun - african - blue - basil - vegetable - soup - nigerian

scent leaf (efirin)

Efinrin: African blue basil (scent leaf)

English Name: African Basil
Local Name: Efirin (Yoruba), Nahianwu(Igbo), Daidoya(Hausa)

Botanically: Ocimum gratissimum, Family Labiatae

“Efirin” (scent leaf) is an important vegetable sold across the country because of its manifold medicinal usages, it’s also commonly grown around houses as a mosquito repellant.

For the longest time, I assumed African blue basil and African Basil were the same, they are not. The most notable difference being that the leaves of African blue basil start out purple when young, only growing green as the given leaf grows to its full size, and even then retaining purple veins.  It is believed that African basil has analgesic that is why it’s an essential part of meals prepared for women postnatal.


ebolo - efo - nigerian - vegetable - green - list - soup - traditional


English Name: Yoruban bologi
Local Name: Ebolo (Yoruba)
Botanically: Crassocephalum rubens, Family Comopositae


“Ebolo” is an uncommon vegetable, it is  sold only after the arrival of the new yam, deep into the rainy season.  The whole young plant and the semi succulent leaves are mucilaginous and are a potherb eaten in soups and sauces. The leaves are slightly laxative


Afang - okazi - soup - nigerian - recipe - vegetable - list - traditonal

Afang Leaves:

English Name:  ?
Local Name: Afang (Ibibio), Okazi (Igbo)
Botanically: Gnetum africanum, Family Gnetaceae


This vegetable is very popular among the ethnic peoples of southern and southeastern Nigeria. The Efik and Ibibio peoples call it ‘afang’ while the Igbo’s call it “okazi”.  The plant is not cultivated; the leaves are collected as forest products.

Afang is a significant source of protein, carbohydrates, essential amino acids (non essential amino acids and mineral constituents i.e. macro and micro-elements


Ugu - flutted - pumpkin - vegetable - nigerian - list - green - smoothie


English Name: fluted pumpkin leaf
Local Name: Ugu
Botanically: ” Telfairia occidentalis, Family Cucurbitaceae


The leaves and young shoots of the “ugu” vegetable are frequently eaten as a potherb and cooked as soups. Ugu is believed to be the most eaten vegetable among the Ibo speaking people. There are several purported nutrition and health benefits of Ugu ,  substantial research is lacking. Ugu is efficient in building up or renewing cells and tissues as well in the treatment of anaemia (Ukwuoma and Mauaya,2005 and Beck,1980 ).

p.s. – “There is no Yoruba name for parsley, as it is not originally West African. You can get the seeds and plant them, they will grow in tropical and sub tropical, will grow in the summer in temperate countries. “

What is your vegetable of choice for soups? If you have any other vegetables to add to the list please email us – [email protected] or leave comment below.

Click here for our authentic efo riro recipe.

Much  gratitude and credit to Mr S.O Disu for his inexhaustible archive.

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Recipe Index

Lose It Nigerian

By |June 4th, 2013|203 Comments


  1. Valerie February 16, 2018 at 1:01 pm - Reply

    Please what is the botanical name of efuo(esan)

  2. Muyiwa February 3, 2018 at 6:19 am - Reply

    Dear 9ja foodie, thanks for the elucidating post. I’d like to know which of these leafy greens are safe to steam for a few minutes and consume with a few sprinkles of spices of choice. I steam Efo amunututu(spinach) and Ugu regularly and they’re so delicious and great attacks o body fat. The Ugu takes a slightly longer time to tenderize in the steam pot. Any other safe ones on this list to steam and spice up for healthy consumption?

  3. Michael January 27, 2018 at 3:48 am - Reply

    Please what’s the local name for parsley leaf?

  4. Ademolu peluola January 13, 2018 at 5:07 am - Reply

    Pls what is kale leave in Yoruba. I really need but can’t get it

  5. Fabrizio January 3, 2018 at 3:53 pm - Reply

    Modesina plant, anybody knows?

  6. kirsteen chioma December 7, 2017 at 6:27 am - Reply

    nice job..please can u tell me the local names for broccolli, spinach and kale

  7. Alaba A.A. October 8, 2017 at 1:56 am - Reply

    So interesting and educative

  8. Boo September 20, 2017 at 5:44 am - Reply

    What is mint leaf in yoruba

    • Iya native October 10, 2017 at 7:51 am - Reply

      Mint leaves in Yoruba is Efinrin

      • 9jafoodie
        9jafoodie October 28, 2017 at 7:35 pm - Reply

        No, it’s not. Efirin is African Blue Basil

  9. haarfeez August 15, 2017 at 4:56 pm - Reply

    great job up there, english name for efo gbagba please anyone

    • Ade December 5, 2017 at 10:05 am - Reply

      Efo igbagba is the same as Efo igbo discussed above

  10. Funke Oni August 2, 2017 at 1:00 pm - Reply

    Thanks so much for the info. It’s interesting and educative.

  11. mark July 30, 2017 at 11:54 pm - Reply

    Comment…hello people, I’ve read all the post and searched through the comment, but i still can’t find the local name for parsley leave, please i need answer for that,it’s there anyone who knows?

  12. Maimuna Ahmed Muhammed July 26, 2017 at 9:25 am - Reply

    Hello good day to everyone, have a wonderful time thanks

  13. Olatunde July 24, 2017 at 2:12 pm - Reply

    Good day everyone, can anyone tell me the Yoruba name for alfalfa leaves

  14. yetunde June 16, 2017 at 5:36 am - Reply

    hi house!
    could you believe I never all this vegetables except for efo tete , efo shoko, Ewuro, Amunututu, Gbure and Ewedu. I never knew the rest are eatable vegetables despite seeing most of them in the market, and I will be claiming one confirm Yoruba girl. but all thanks to 9jafoodie sha happy am here!!!

  15. ajocommunity June 4, 2017 at 12:06 pm - Reply

    There is Efo Iyana Ipaja.. It is also very delicious but it scrashes the skin.. U have to wear a protection on ur hand before u can pluck… Pls help me with the Yoruba name for coriander… It appears it’s Ewedu in a picture I saw…

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie June 6, 2017 at 8:07 pm - Reply

      Sorry I dont know the yoruba name for coriander but it’s not ewedu. ewedu is jute leaf.

      • Kemi August 12, 2017 at 10:51 am - Reply

        I also think coriander is ebolo

        • 9jafoodie
          9jafoodie August 14, 2017 at 7:03 pm - Reply

          WRONG. the leaves are not even close in size.

  16. sadiq oluseye March 22, 2017 at 1:06 am - Reply

    pls what is yoruba name for beetroot and where can one get both for planting and consumption

    • Yahzoba December 5, 2017 at 2:42 pm - Reply

      Beetroot is sold in the vegetable market , such as where salad ingredients are sold, some times some malams carries it about in a wheelbarrow with other vegetables, but if you want many, then you can go to mile 12 market if you are in Lagos

  17. omo2 March 20, 2017 at 12:41 am - Reply

    I guess Ebolo is Parsley/coriander

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie March 27, 2017 at 9:26 am - Reply

      No it isnt

    • Shade April 9, 2017 at 9:24 am - Reply

      What is coriander in Yoruba

      • 9jafoodie
        9jafoodie April 9, 2017 at 4:46 pm - Reply

        No idea

        • Eniola May 16, 2017 at 10:20 am - Reply

          Coriander is efo ebolo

          • 9jafoodie
            9jafoodie May 18, 2017 at 2:06 pm - Reply

            Sorry but it’s not. they are two different vegetables.

  18. Bukky January 31, 2017 at 3:35 am - Reply

    Please what is the English name of Efo Igbo and Efo Odu. Thank you.

  19. Gracious January 26, 2017 at 6:19 am - Reply

    what is the yoruba name for mint leaves?

    • Eniola May 16, 2017 at 10:22 am - Reply

      Ewe taju taju

  20. OmoOlorun December 11, 2016 at 12:57 am - Reply

    I love all this vegetables so much. But pls can we get get them in New Zealand? Because I’m yet to c them. I miss my Country o. Home sweet home. Lol

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie December 12, 2016 at 7:44 pm - Reply

      Unfortunately I am not familiar with new zealand.

  21. Christian November 19, 2016 at 11:20 am - Reply

    Ah, olboy how u come forget the ORA or OHA vegetable among the igbo people. Noble vegetable and best combined with pound yam. You never eat am? Try eat am and tell me after. Careful not to bite your fingersoooo.

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie November 20, 2016 at 8:50 pm - Reply

      Hahahha.. I will have to try it then.

  22. Mary Makanjuola October 29, 2016 at 1:35 am - Reply

    Pls what is the local name for rosemary

  23. Olaniyi daramola atobatele October 27, 2016 at 2:16 pm - Reply

    Believe you me the only way to know the English name is to accept what has been given since some of this other name for other things veges were like that also

  24. Toyin ojo October 4, 2016 at 12:19 am - Reply

    Thank you for sharing. Other vegetables eaten by the Yorubas that I know include, efo odu, worowo usually uncultivated but grows freely in Cocoa plantations and very popular with farmers for its unique aroma. Also,we have Ewedu .

  25. Tonia September 30, 2016 at 3:48 am - Reply

    Am still eager to know the english name of efo ebolo. Some people say it’s called parsley but am yet to believe it

    • Uche Abah September 30, 2016 at 7:47 am - Reply

      I think it is coriander,also known as cilantro

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie October 2, 2016 at 9:46 am - Reply

      Definitely not parsley.

      • De Saint Michael November 30, 2016 at 7:12 am - Reply

        Ebolo is known as Crassocephalum crepidioides, called ebolo, redflower ragleaf,

  26. Margaret September 9, 2016 at 9:10 am - Reply

    @Uche, u can get ebolo from the real local yoruba vegetable sellers. Not just those that sell tete.

  27. Margaret September 9, 2016 at 9:07 am - Reply

    This is a very good piece and an eye opener to some of the vegetables we have around but have not really tried out due to ignorance. Quite educative too.

  28. hakeem buhari August 31, 2016 at 10:24 am - Reply

    Thanks for this wonderful piece. This came at an appropriate time. Cooking a healthy meal is sort of hard if you don’t know the types of vegetables in our environment. I’m looking forward to trying out different mixes of vegetables in my meal plan. Thanks once again.

  29. Ileri thomss August 23, 2016 at 2:48 am - Reply

    Thank you very much for this beautiful and interesting site. Please permit me to state that cilantro is the same as coriander. In the US, coriander seeds are called cilantro but in Europe cloth seeds and leaves are called coriander. The Yoruba name for coriander is Ebolo, which you have listed.

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie August 23, 2016 at 12:01 pm - Reply

      Thank you for your addition! You are absolutely right that coriander and cillantro are thesame. I do think Ebolo is a completely different vegetable though.

  30. Uche Abah August 23, 2016 at 2:46 am - Reply

    Hello, Please where can one get Ebolo vegetable from…Thank u

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie August 23, 2016 at 12:02 pm - Reply

      That will depend on where you are shopping. Where do you live?

      • Uche Abah August 23, 2016 at 12:23 pm - Reply


        • 9jafoodie
          9jafoodie August 28, 2016 at 10:25 am - Reply

          check the local market

        • Ade December 22, 2016 at 2:40 am - Reply

          Check for it in Oyingbo market. Try and ask any Yoruba woman selling vegetable. When you cook it please remember to invite us o.

        • Adebayo December 22, 2016 at 3:01 am - Reply

          Good post, keep it up. but there are Efo Ajefawo, Gbologi (Worowo), Ewuro (Bitter Leaf), Tete Abalaye, Isapa, Ugu is Eweroko in Yoruba. There are also Efo Ogunmo, Efo Odu. When I remember more I will visit back. Thank for caring for our culture/

  31. Amy August 19, 2016 at 1:33 am - Reply

    Hello, please what is the local name of Celery

  32. Sesan August 16, 2016 at 4:36 pm - Reply

    thanks for this site: pls what is the yoruba name for Oregano

  33. leemah August 14, 2016 at 9:07 am - Reply

    I also need a Yoruba name for parsley. Thank u

  34. James August 9, 2016 at 9:38 am - Reply

    What is the Yoruba name for parsley leaf

  35. Pearl_ladyy May 20, 2016 at 4:35 pm - Reply

    For the life of me I never knew there was a difference between Efo tete and shoko! And I’d been using the former for my Efo riro all along( which is a hit by the way). It seems the latter isn’t as common as the Efo tete in the markets, or maybe I’ve not really checked. Thanks for the post, Ronke

  36. Cathy April 14, 2016 at 5:03 pm - Reply

    Hello, I hope that West African food will become more popular in Europe and Asia. Thank you for such an informative web page!

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie April 14, 2016 at 8:08 pm - Reply

      Thank you! I hope so as well.

      • tony April 22, 2016 at 1:31 pm - Reply

        plss do you know any efo call iyana-paja

        • 9jafoodie
          9jafoodie April 24, 2016 at 8:43 pm - Reply

          No I do not, sorry.

          • Qassim June 25, 2016 at 5:23 am - Reply

            I know the efo called iyana ipaja

  37. Gladys March 31, 2016 at 4:34 pm - Reply

    There is no Yoruba name for parsley, as it and cilantro are not originally West African. You can get the seeds and plant them, they will grow in tropical and sub tropical, will grow in the summer in temperate countries. Hope this help a bit.

  38. kkj March 31, 2016 at 11:42 am - Reply

    whats the yoruba name for parsley

  39. pecuzzy January 21, 2016 at 7:37 am - Reply

    pls what is the botanical name for the edo leaf used for black soup called arawohen?

  40. Godwin Toyin Arotiba December 27, 2015 at 12:01 pm - Reply

    hello Ronke, please what is the Yoruba name for BEET ROOT…and where can I get the beet root juice and beet root powder in lagos

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie December 27, 2015 at 7:02 pm - Reply

      I am not certain of the Yoruba name, I was told Isu Dandan but I haven’t been able to verify that. I do know it’s widely sold in Nigeria though. I would suggest you extract your own juice and powder, it’s really easy.

    • Bayo August 15, 2016 at 9:23 am - Reply

      Beet root is call Alubosa Eleje- Onion that gives forth blood

  41. aolapite December 9, 2015 at 5:30 am - Reply

    This is a very good post Ronke. Well done!

  42. rachy December 8, 2015 at 9:34 am - Reply

    Please what is the english name for “EFO ODU”

  43. Ademola November 26, 2015 at 10:19 am - Reply

    Interesting, I know all mentioned, what of ajefoawo very sweet

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie November 28, 2015 at 2:59 pm - Reply

      Never heard of it. What does it look like and how is it used?

      • Gladys March 31, 2016 at 4:30 pm - Reply

        He’s joking. Eat and break the plate. or Eat till the plate breaks or cracks.

  44. olusegun November 21, 2015 at 2:21 am - Reply

    Ebure is also gbure or water leaf

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie November 22, 2015 at 8:31 pm - Reply

      Thanks for the addition Olusegun! I thought as much.

    • Eniola May 16, 2017 at 10:28 am - Reply

      Ebure is d something as ebolo pls

  45. Olu November 14, 2015 at 10:16 am - Reply

    Please do you know the yoruba name or the popular naija name for kale leaves? Thanks

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie November 17, 2015 at 7:41 pm - Reply

      Help anyone?

    • EreluLola December 6, 2015 at 8:24 am - Reply

      Kale is Spinach. Efotete in Yoruba.

      • 9jafoodie
        9jafoodie December 7, 2015 at 8:41 pm - Reply

        Thanks for the addition, however, kale, tete and spinach are all different vegetables. Tete is called Callaloo or green amaranth.

      • Gladys March 31, 2016 at 4:01 pm - Reply

        No its not efo tete.

      • Gladys March 31, 2016 at 4:26 pm - Reply

        Kale is brassica olaracea var. acephala.There are many types of kale, there is green which is acephala, there is dinosaur which is sometime called nero and many others. some say it descended from wild cabbage. in shorts it is within the cabbage family brassiacaceae. Efo tete is from the family Amaranthaceae.
        so they are not same and not even related.

  46. Da Ilha November 13, 2015 at 5:30 pm - Reply

    Good evening.
    I need information about èbùre.
    Did you guys can help me.
    Thank you for your availability and your time.

    Ary CArvalho

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie November 17, 2015 at 7:43 pm - Reply

      Hello Da – are you sure it’s not Gbure (water leave). I have never heard of ebure – is it supposed to be a shrub or a tree?

  47. Rotowa Oluwafadekemi September 30, 2015 at 8:01 am - Reply

    Please what is the yoruba name for parsley leaf

  48. Francis September 30, 2015 at 7:56 am - Reply

    Want to know the local names of parsley or cilantro leaves in nigeria bcos I have tried searching it on d Internet n could nt get an answer. Plz I need it for something

  49. olufemi September 30, 2015 at 5:59 am - Reply

    You didn’t mention one vegtable called “efo odu” in yoruba(ekiti people loves it)… Efo worowo…efor ishapa….pls kindly do your research and help others to get familiar with it

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie October 2, 2015 at 9:07 pm - Reply

      Thanks Olufemi – we are always open to contribution by our audience. Please do email us with more details and possibly pictures of these vegetables.

    • EreluLola December 6, 2015 at 8:21 am - Reply

      Ishapa is the green variety of zobo. I believe it is the green Hibiscus used in making egusi soup in my place. The red ones are used to make zobo.

      • 9jafoodie
        9jafoodie December 7, 2015 at 8:42 pm - Reply

        right you are :). I will probably describe ishapa as white though, I hated the soup as a kid but you just made me nostalgic for it.

  50. surelahjew September 16, 2015 at 4:13 pm - Reply

    my father has all these veggies and more in our little garden in naija, so i am really impressed by your post. keep it up

  51. Jennifer September 13, 2015 at 5:22 pm - Reply

    sorry i meant to write UGU leaf

  52. Jennifer September 13, 2015 at 5:22 pm - Reply

    I will like to plant some Ugh leaves, how do i get the seed or plant. am in the US

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie September 18, 2015 at 3:09 pm - Reply

      I am not sure Jennifer, i will ask around.

  53. smaila September 9, 2015 at 5:18 am - Reply

    This is lovely. The Igbo name for scent leave is Nshianwu (correct spelling) n not Nahianwu. Great Job. Keep it up.

  54. great August 25, 2015 at 12:08 pm - Reply

    i lav dis site

  55. Kenneth August 25, 2015 at 9:35 am - Reply

    what about ahihiara or ariraa

  56. Sebastian July 30, 2015 at 3:27 am - Reply

    i find the bog interesting, and would need your help in categorizing the most commonly consumed vegetables i would send you using geo political zones in Nigeria

  57. Ifeoma July 14, 2015 at 9:43 am - Reply

    very informative. thanks for your time in doing the research.

    Then what is the Igbo name for dandelion leaves and is it available in Nigeria market.

  58. Oluwatosin July 6, 2015 at 2:02 pm - Reply

    pls whats the yoruba name for Jamun leaves and pomegranate fruit

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie July 6, 2015 at 9:56 pm - Reply

      Yoruba names?

    • Aliyy Tunde November 5, 2016 at 4:13 am - Reply

      Pomegranate is known as Elegede in yoruba

  59. Damilare June 16, 2015 at 2:02 am - Reply

    Good job, will try look for beetroot. I learnt it’s lovely and highly medicinal. Shoprite here I come.

  60. oma8 May 8, 2015 at 12:09 am - Reply

    Hi everyone! There are a few asian stores in illupeju lagos state that sells mostly of all this things y’all are searching for that’s if you know their foreign names. That’s where i tend to shop for things like beetroot,spices,vegetables,and a whole lot more if i don’t get them in our beautiful local markets.

  61. yinma May 4, 2015 at 3:11 pm - Reply

    Hi, I live in Namibia and don’t ‘ve access to these veggies, how I can I get them please

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie May 5, 2015 at 12:11 pm - Reply

      No idea… most of them probably have local names. maybe visit your local market with some pictures?

  62. scholar March 24, 2015 at 8:59 am - Reply

    When I go to port harcourt market and ask for vegetable use in preparing ego iriro,the market women there don’t seem to know,please tell me the name I can tell them so they can easily know it. Please

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie March 24, 2015 at 9:40 am - Reply

      The main vegetable is called Efo Tete in Yoruba, I am not sure what it’s called in other languages.

  63. Adenike March 5, 2015 at 9:36 am - Reply

    Thanks a load for your informative site. Would you know the Yoruba name for the ‘Achara’? It’s a stalk-like veggie common with our Eastern people. I learnt the leaf is equally edible. Thank you.

  64. Naeemah February 13, 2015 at 12:30 pm - Reply

    Thanks thanks so much for the information please list other common African green leafy vegetables. I’m in Houston, TX US I was able to find everything via and Amazon you listed except flut Pumpkin leaf and ebolo seeds if you know any stores online please. I also purchased seeds for bbugga, nakati, and spider plant jjobyo these and those you have mentioned are highly sustainable food options please list more fruits and vegatables from your culture thanks. I also want to say thank you for being a great hostess.

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie February 14, 2015 at 12:37 pm - Reply

      Hi Naeemah, I am not sure of any online store that will have the seeds. If you know anyone coming from Nigeria, they might be able to bring you some.

      • Omotayo March 30, 2016 at 11:20 am - Reply

        Please do you know anywhere I can get Seeds around Ibadan?

  65. Philip January 28, 2015 at 11:39 pm - Reply

    Fantastic collection! Thank you for the efforts.

  66. wale January 20, 2015 at 7:06 pm - Reply

    Pls what is beetroot in yoruba?

    • Philip January 28, 2015 at 11:36 pm - Reply

      Apparentry beetroot is “isudandan” in Yoruba language.
      I heve never seen it nigeria though.

      • 9jafoodie
        9jafoodie January 30, 2015 at 9:06 am - Reply

        really? I need to call my grandma. I have seen beet in loads of market pictures from Nigeria. Maybe it’s mostly sold on the island though.

  67. Folayemi December 15, 2014 at 5:08 pm - Reply

    Thanks a lot for this highly informative post. Can you pls tell me if we have kale leaves available in Nigeria and what it ‘s called in Yoruba?

  68. obafemi abiola December 1, 2014 at 3:58 am - Reply

    Obafemi Abiola
    Pls what is the local name for beetroot? Especially yoruba…

  69. Folasade Ayeni October 24, 2014 at 9:28 am - Reply

    Thank you for sharing this with us. Very informative, please what is the Yoruba name for Parsley leaf.

  70. tunde October 12, 2014 at 5:20 am - Reply

    what is the local name for beetroot,Hausa,igbo or yoruba. Where can i get it

  71. Adebayo October 6, 2014 at 1:52 pm - Reply

    Please what is Alfalfa called in Nigeria?

  72. Oyeyinka Oluwafemi Moses September 20, 2014 at 12:01 pm - Reply

    Thanks i have been searching for this for a while now… please can we talk more about foods and vegetables via phone or a better medium of your choice… please let me know thanks… printing this page right away…

  73. Otty August 24, 2014 at 10:17 am - Reply

    Please can you help efo igbo recipe.

  74. mary August 15, 2014 at 10:45 am - Reply

    Great work,I know what it takes to do a write up like dis. Weldone.

  75. shittu August 2, 2014 at 3:01 am - Reply

    You are so wonderful. A problem solver. God bless you. Yes I have tried eko and efo growing up with Grandma. It is truly divine.
    Try eko placed in little water prefarably cool (not cold) with cool carrots (new ones). I liked it

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie August 2, 2014 at 8:47 am - Reply

      Amen amen.. thanks for the prayers!! eko and carrots? definitely a new one for me.. I sure will try it.

    • tunde October 12, 2014 at 5:23 am - Reply

      what do eko & carrot do

  76. Jummie July 8, 2014 at 10:08 pm - Reply

    Is the purple eggplant from efo igbo.

  77. Zoe July 1, 2014 at 12:44 am - Reply

    Thanks for this.. it was helpful.. been looking for the local name of spinach, and i found 3 here :). cheers!

  78. adekunbi oyedare. June 25, 2014 at 3:26 am - Reply

    thank you,for the information .very enligtniing.

  79. ola April 24, 2014 at 6:27 am - Reply

    Thank you very plenty

  80. Raymond March 26, 2014 at 10:57 am - Reply

    Hi again, if that link does not work then just google search ” The Marketing Potentials of Indigenous Leafy Vegetables in Southeastern Nigeria ” – don’t worry about the technical scientific words as there is other interesting info on local market, price, types etc of ‘leafies’ especially if you living in SE Nigeria.

  81. Raymond March 26, 2014 at 10:29 am - Reply
  82. Fagbemi Olajumoke March 25, 2014 at 2:49 am - Reply

    A very good job, well done, please where can one get this “amunututu” in Lagos

  83. funmilayo Okwumabua January 30, 2014 at 9:38 am - Reply

    The Yoruba name for Ugu is called EWEROKO

  84. tj December 21, 2013 at 2:53 pm - Reply

    please do you know the english name for isakoro

  85. rantie December 1, 2013 at 7:17 am - Reply

    i did not see ewedu on the list

  86. Ajose November 20, 2013 at 11:12 am - Reply

    This is a wonderful information. It is highly appreciated.

  87. faith November 15, 2013 at 6:52 am - Reply

    the food be make sense ooooooo………

  88. Sisiekomi October 12, 2013 at 5:26 pm - Reply

    Very informative. Tnx for sharing

  89. rose October 9, 2013 at 3:43 am - Reply

    thanks a lot.

  90. Anonymous October 4, 2013 at 8:06 am - Reply

    Thanks a lot for explaining these vegetables in English. Its not easy looking for spinach in a local Nigerian market.

  91. African Foodie October 2, 2013 at 9:19 pm - Reply

    This post is such a find! Anyone have ideas on how to find these or similar in the US?

  92. Tiffany Jenkins September 30, 2013 at 1:26 pm - Reply

    I want to try to grow the Gbure. Are the seeds for sale somewhere? If you could tell me, I’d appreciate it, 9jafoodie!

    • Ademola November 26, 2015 at 10:08 am - Reply

      Let me know where you and then I will get you the seed to plant

      • Tiffany Jenkins November 27, 2015 at 10:10 pm - Reply

        Oh, Ademola! Thank you for responding! I live in Stafford, Texas, right outside of Houston. My email address is [email protected].

  93. Tee September 19, 2013 at 3:24 am - Reply

    This is really informative. Thank you so much! *whispers* ‘what about our beloved ewedu’?

  94. Anonymous August 31, 2013 at 6:13 am - Reply

    is better leaf available in india,what other leaft vegetable other than spinach and efo tete can be replaced with in egusi soup?

  95. Mayowa August 25, 2013 at 2:47 am - Reply

    Please keep up all your efforts. God bless

  96. Mayowa August 25, 2013 at 2:45 am - Reply

    Excellent Excellent Excellent. I am emotionally moved seeing the documentation of our culture. These are things that we can so easily loose. Half of these leaves grow in my back garden and while I couldn’t tell the difference, I enjoy so many regional soups around Nigeria. Now I can show my children how to find all these lovely leaves without ‘looking for someone who knows someone who knows someone’ who knows about this leaves for correct recipes. All my Love.

  97. Anonymous August 22, 2013 at 1:21 am - Reply

    i love this its very educating

  98. Obi July 2, 2013 at 5:31 am - Reply

    Please please please please ooooooo … can you find the Igbo names of some of these veggies? I’d love to share with my folks from the East but I bet some won’t have ever heard the Yoruba names (just like me). They all sound so exotic, like foreign salad veggies. lol.

    O, and for the scent leaves … its Nchuanwu (you’ll probably hear it called Nch’anwu).
    Bitter leaf – Olugbu or Onugbu
    Egg plant – Añara (Anghara – phonetically if you have studied Igbo alphabets)

  99. DVees June 24, 2013 at 8:13 am - Reply

    Wow I havent had Eko in yonks, looks yummy with the shrimp efo. Very informative post, thank you 🙂

  100. Tina Armstrong June 11, 2013 at 10:20 am - Reply

    You did not include the vegetables “uziza and utazi”: These are indigenous igbo spicy vegetables that are used in preparing “ofe-nsala or white soup and other native dishes in ibo land.

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie June 11, 2013 at 5:03 pm - Reply

      We will update the list…thanks for the addition

  101. Csl June 10, 2013 at 3:10 am - Reply

    Tx a lot for this.
    Pls what is ur opinion onthe use of silver beet and chard in Nigerian cooking?

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie June 11, 2013 at 5:06 pm - Reply

      They are good vegetables… I often try different leafy greens as well.

  102. Jadore-Fashion June 6, 2013 at 7:19 am - Reply

    Never thought of both together, but it definitely looks yummy…very informative.


  103. Catch June 6, 2013 at 7:04 am - Reply

    Amazing……………Africa is blessed .

  104. Toin June 6, 2013 at 3:30 am - Reply

    I’ve actually never tried Amunututu, Ebolo, and Efo Igbo. That Eko looks divine

  105. Tokunbo June 5, 2013 at 10:32 pm - Reply

    Very informative, I am craving Efo Gbure and Eko

  106. Joké June 5, 2013 at 2:54 pm - Reply

    wow, i totally forgot about amunututu. my dad introduced me to it and i had so much love for this efo. i wish i can find it to buy here

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie June 6, 2013 at 5:01 pm - Reply

      You definitely should get some on your next trip home.

  107. Relentless Builder June 5, 2013 at 11:23 am - Reply

    This was a comprehensive list. I was familiar with a few like Gbure and Shoko, and yes, I have tried the efo/eko combination before. I had no idea we have an “African basil.” Interesting.

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie June 6, 2013 at 5:02 pm - Reply

      Thanks love. I am sure you have heard people say Efinrin or Scent leaf…no?

  108. Oloruntoyin June 5, 2013 at 11:01 am - Reply

    Thanks and remain blessed for this awesome pictures. Now I am able to differentiate between these vegetables.

  109. Lohi June 5, 2013 at 6:28 am - Reply

    Very informative post! You must be in naij to have all these pictures! Love it!

  110. Hajia June 5, 2013 at 1:39 am - Reply

    This is quite inspiring, i never thought of Agidi and Vegetable. I shall try this out. Very good for weight loss.

    • 9jafoodie
      9jafoodie June 6, 2013 at 5:06 pm - Reply

      Definitely… Thanks Hajia

      • Ajibola April 15, 2017 at 4:38 pm - Reply

        where can I get parsley/coraiander?

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